Welcome to The Reading Room
Welcome to the Western School Corporation webpage! This page was created by the Western School Corporation Reading Specialists to serve as a resource for families. Click on the tabs at the top to learn more about the intervention programs used at our school, at-home actvities, useful websites and test windows. We hope that you will find information on this site useful and resourceful. Thanks for visiting!
Every morning before announcements, students may purchase a book off the Bookcart for $.50 or trade a book from home. Books are leveled and most books are good for Accelerated Reader points!
To make the bookcart successful, we are always in need of gently used children’s books of all levels. These books can be books that your child has outgrown or has already read.
Thanks in advance for putting books into the hands of our kids!
Source: National Institute for Literacy's A Child Becomes a Reader (http://lincs.ed.gov/publications/pdf/reading_pre.pdf)
alphabetic knowledge - Knowing the names and shapes of the letters of the alphabet
alphabetic principle- The understanding that written letters represent sounds, for example, the word big has three sounds and three letters
big books- Oversized books that allow for the sharing of print and illustrations with a group of children
blending- Putting together individual sounds to make spoken words
comprehension-The ability to understand and gain meaning from what has been read
decodable books- Books that are made up of words that contain only the letter-sound relationships that the children are learning, along with a few words that are taught as sight words
decode- The ability to recognize and read words by translating the letters into speech sounds to determine the word's pronunciation and meaning
developmental spelling-The use of letter-sound relationship information to attempt to write words
emergent literacy-The view that literacy learning begins at birth and is encouraged through participation with adults in meaningful reading and writing activities
environmental print- Print that is part of everyday life, such as signs, billboards, labels, and business logos
experimental writing- Efforts by young children to experiment with writing by creating pretend and real letters and by organizing scribbles and marks on paper
explicit instruction- Direct, structured, systematic teaching of a task
fluency- The ability to read text accurately and quickly with expression
graphic organizers- Diagrams that visually represent the organization and relationships of ideas in a text
informational text - Text that conveys information - this may include books, magazines, websites, directions, etc.
invented spelling- The use of letter-sound relationship information to attempt to write words
irregular words- Frequently used words that don't follow the letter-sound relationship rules that children are learning
leveled books- Books that have been assigned a particular level (usually a number or letter, such as Level 1 or Level B) intended to indicate how difficult the book is for children to read
literacy- Includes all the activities involved in speaking, listening, reading, writing, and appreciating both spoken and written language
- phonemes- The smallest parts of spoken language that combine to form words - For example, the word hit is made up of three phonemes (/h/ /i/ /t/) and differs by one phoneme from the words pit, hip, hot.
- phonemic awareness- The ability to hear and identify the individual sounds in spoken words
- phonics- The relationship between the sounds of spoken words and the individual letters or groups of letters that represent those sounds in written words
- phonological awareness- The understanding that spoken language is made up of individual and separate sounds - Phonological awareness activities can involve work with rhymes, words, sentences, syllables, and phonemes.
- predictable books- Books that have repeated words or sentences, rhymes, or other patterns
- prefix- A word part such as re-, un-, pre- that is added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word with a new meaning
- pretend reading- Children's attempts to "read" a book before they have learned to read - Usually children pretend read a familiar book that they have practically memorized.
- print awareness- Knowing about print and books and how they are used
- root word- A word or word part to which a prefix or suffix is added
- segmentation- Taking spoken words apart sound by sound
- sight words- Words that a reader recognizes without having to sound them out - Some sight words are "irregular," or have letter-sound relationships that are uncommon. Some examples of sight words are you, are, have, and said.
- suffix- A word part such as -ness, -able, or -er that is added to the end of a root word to form a new word with a new meaning
- syllable- A word part that contains a vowel or, in spoken language, a vowel sound (e-vent, news-pa-per, pret-ty)
- vocabulary- The words we must know in order to communicate effectively - Oral vocabulary refers to words that we use in speaking or recognize in listening. Reading vocabulary refers to words we recognize or use in print.
- word walls- Word-study and vocabulary words that are posted on the classroom wall so all children can easily see them - Usually, word walls are arranged alphabetically, with words starting with a certain letter listed under that letter for easy location.
- word recognition- The ability to identify printed words and to translate them into their corresponding sounds quickly and accurately so as to figure out their meanings
Common Core State Standards
The Common Core State Standards for English/ Language Arts are literacy standards for grades K-12 which have been adopted by a majority of states. The standards are designed to ensure that students leave high school with the literacy skills needed to be college and career ready. Within the English/Language Arts standards at the elementary level, there are six strands:
- Reading Sstandards for Literature
- Reading Standards for Informational Text
- Reading Standards: Foundational Skills
- Writing Standards
- Speaking and lIstening Standards
- Language Standards